SOCIETYGeneral Studies I

Uttar Pradesh Population Control Bill 2021


The Uttar Pradesh State Law Commission on Friday released the first draft of the bill aimed at population control, seeking comments from the public within ten days, that is by July 19.


  • Uttar Pradesh has been the most populous state in India 21 crore.
  • The fertility rate of the state is 2.7 percent which should be 2.1 percent.
  • To control the birth, Uttar Pradesh Government State Law Commission official website has come up with UP Birth control policy with implementing Jansankhya Niyantran Kanoon now.
  • The bill has enlisted incentives for those limiting their families to two children or less. Disincentives on non-adherence to the two-child norm have also been laid down.
  • The release of the draft bill titled Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilisation and Welfare) Bill, 2021, Comes at a time CM Yogi Adityanath has said the government will bring in a new population policy for 2021-2030, which is expected to be announced on World Population Day, July 11.
  • After the law comes into force, a person with more than two children will be debarred from several benefits such as-
    • Contest elections to the local authority or any body of the local self-government.
    • Apply for government jobs under the State Government.
    • Ineligible to get promotion in government services.
    • Ineligible receive any kind of government subsidy.
    • Limit of ration card Units up to four.
    • Debarring from the benefit of Government-sponsored welfare schemes.


Uttar Pradesh Population Control Bill Draft

To control the population in the state Uttar Pradesh population control Bill Draft states many minute details which need your attention. Moreover, it is still a Draft bill and many modifications would be done before the final release by upslc upsdc gov in Law commission website.

  • If a couple have a baby on 1.1.2021 and gave birth to their second child by 1.1.2023 then the couple is not under the contravention (violation) under this law.
  • If any couple have a baby on 1.1.2021 and gives birth to two more babies in second pregnancy then also they are not under any contravention.
  • If any couple have two babies from first pregnancy on 1.1.2021 and gave birth to two more babies out of from second pregnancy on 1.1.2023 then the couple is under contravention. This clearly means you will violate this policy of UP government.
  • If any couple has no baby from their marriage and they adopted two children then the couple in not under any contravention.
  • If couple had no children from their marriage but adopted more than two children then they are under contravention.
  • If couple had two children out of from their marriage and adopted one child then they are not in under any contravention.
  • If couple had two children and adopted two or more children then also they are under contravention of 2 child policy in UP.


UP Two Child Policy Rules

More validated points are here as follows:

  • Public servants under the control of the State Government who adopt the two-child norm by undergoing voluntary sterilization operation upon himself or spouse shall be given the following benefits-
    • Two additional increments during the entire service.
    • Subsidy towards the purchase of plot or house site or built house from Housing Board development Authority, as may be prescribed
    • Rebate on charges for utilities such as water, electricity, water, house tax, as may be prescribed; [also for the general public].
    • Maternity or as the case may be, paternity leave of 12 months, with full salary and allowances; [also for the general public].
    • Free health care facility and insurance coverage to the spouse.
    • 3% increase in the employer’s contribution fund under national pension.
  • A public servant or common citizen who adopts a one-child norm will receive additional benefits such as-
    • Free health care facility & insurance coverage to the child till age 20;
    • Preference to the single child in admission in all education institutions;
    • Free education up to the graduation level;
    • Scholarship for higher studies in case of a girl child and preference to a single child in government jobs.
  • A couple living below the poverty line who have only one child and undergoes voluntary sterilisation, Shall be eligible for payment of a one-time ₹80,000 if the single child is a boy and ₹1 lakh if it is a girl.

Steps to be taken by govt.

It shall be the duty of the government to introduce a compulsory subject relating to population control in all secondary schools. It shall be the duty of the government to ensure that contraceptives are available at reasonable rates at all sub-health centres in the State.

Reason for this bill?

Explaining the reasons for bringing out the draft Bill, the Commission headed by Justice Aditya Nath Mittal said, There were limited ecological and economic resources at hand in UP and it was necessary to control and stabilise the population, For the promotion of sustainable development with more equitable distribution

Source: The Hindu

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