General Studies IIEducation

Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)

Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship


Recently, the Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) has brought high-speed internet to some of the remotest tribal hamlets deep inside the Nilambur jungle in Kerala.

About Jan Shikshan Sansthan:

  • The Scheme of Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) formerly known as Shramik Vidyapeeth was a unique creation of Government of India is being implemented through NGOs in the country since 1967.
  • The scheme was renamed as Jan Shikshan Sansthan in 2000.
  • JSS scheme was transferred from Ministry of Education (erstwhile Ministry of Human Resource Development) to Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship in July, 2018.
  • At present, 233 JSSs in 25 States and 3 Union Territories are functional.
  • The annual coverage of the beneficiaries is around 4 lakh, out of which 85% are women.
  • Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) scheme is implemented through NGOs with 100% grants from the Government of India.
  • Jan Shikshan Sansthans are registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • The affairs of Jan Shikshan Sansthan are managed by respective Board of Management approved by the Government of India.
  • The mandate of the scheme is to provide vocational skills in non-formal mode to non-literate, neo-literates, persons with rudimentary level of education upto 8th and school drop-outs upto 12th standard in the age group of 15-45 years.
  • The priority groups are women, SC, ST, minorities and other backward sections of the society.
  • JSSs are reaching to the unreached areas to cater the needs of the poorest of the poor. They work at the door step of the beneficiaries with a minimum infrastructure and resources.

Target Group

  • Socio-economically backward and educationally disadvantaged groups of rural/urban population.
  • Main target include non-literate, neo-literates, person education upto 8th standard, school drop-outs, in the age group of 15-35 years.
  • Priority given to women, SC, ST, OBC and Minorities in rural areas and urban slums.


  • Polyvalent approach takes into account; learning needs, convenience of place and time of learners and trainers.
  • Course content, duration, methods, instructional arrangements and financial (CSR supported / Fee based trainings)
  • Livelihood cell to be encouraged the beneficiaries for self and wage employment and linkages with national / state portal for promotion of employment and job melas etc.
  • Courses having NSQF Compliant which has production, service and IT oriented.
  • Life Enrichment Education part of Skill training programme. Digital Literacy and life skills are also incorporated across the course curriculum.
  • Methodology of teaching includes theory, practical. Livelihood experience / apprenticeship, systematic evidence based internal assessment system, online certification, common branding.
  • Training of trainers through National Skill Training Institutes
  • Evaluation includes concurrent and terminal.
  • Feed-back/success story Performa developed

Course Curriculum

The vocational curriculum plays a vital role in imparting skills to the beneficiaries. Since inception of the Scheme, priority is given to the need based vocational courses which are suitable to the locality or for a group. National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has accorded its approval for 30 vocational curriculums of DAE which are in compliance with NSQF norms. MES courses which are suitable to the target group of JSS during 2018-19 were adopted. The JSSs may choose the vocational courses according to their local market demand.

Fee for SC/ST candidates, who join vocational training under Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS), operating under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, has been waived off, according to a government decision taken during June 2019.

Scope of Work of JSS:

  • Develop/Source appropriate curriculum and training modules covering vocational elements, general awareness and life enrichment components.
  • JSSs are encouraged to undertake training equivalent to courses designed by the Directorate of Adult Education, National Institute of Open Schooling and Director General, Employment & Training.
  • Provide training to a pool of resource persons and master trainers for conducting training.
  • Administer simple tests and award certificates.
  • Network with employers and industries for trainees to get suitable placement.

Source: The Hindu

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