Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
About National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015:
- The National Policy on Skill Development was first formulated in 2009 and it provided the framework for skill development activities in the country.
- Over the years, changes in the macro environment, and the experience gained through implementation of various skill development programmes in the country have necessitated changes in the policy.
- Accordingly, the National Skill Development Policy, 2015 was formulated, and it supercedes the Policy of 2009.
- It is integral part of the government policy on “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikaas” and its commitment to overall human resource development to take advantage of the demographic profile of our country’s population in the coming years
National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) has been set up by Government of India with the objective of encouraging skill development in the country. A public Trust set up by Government of India is the custodian of the Fund. The Fund acts as a receptacle for all donations, contribution in cash or kind from all contributors (including Government, multilateral organizations, corporations etc) for furtherance of the objectives of the Fund.
To create an ecosystem of empowerment by Skilling on a large Scale at Speed with high Standards and to promote a culture of innovation based entrepreneurship which can generate wealth and employment so as to ensure Sustainable livelihoods for all citizens in the country.
The core objective of the Policy is to empower the individual, by enabling her/him to realize their full potential through a process of lifelong learning where competencies are accumulated via instruments such as credible certifications, credit accumulation and transfer, etc. As individuals grow, the society and nation also benefit from their productivity and growth.This will involve:
- Make quality vocational training aspirational for both youth and employers whereby youth sees it as a matter of choice and employer acknowledges the productivity linked to skilled workforce by paying the requisite premium.
- Ensure both vertical and horizontal pathways to skilled workforce for further growth by providing seamless integration of skill training with formal education.
- Focus on an outcome based approach towards quality skilling that on one hand results in increased employability and better livelihoods for individuals, and on the other hand translates into improved productivity across primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.
- Increase the capacity and quality of training infrastructure and trainers to ensure equitable and easy access to every citizen.
- Address human resource needs by aligning supply of skilled workers with sectoral requirements of industry and the country’s strategic priorities including flagship programmes like Make in India.
- Establish an IT based information system for aggregating demand and supply of skilled workforce which can help in matching and connecting supply with demand.
- Promote national standards in the skilling space through active involvement of employers in setting occupational standards, helping develop curriculum, providing apprenticeship opportunities, participating in assessments, and providing gainful employment to skilled workforce with adequate compensation.
- Operationalize a well defined quality assurance framework aligned with global standards to facilitate mobility of labour.
- Leverage modern technology to ensure scale, access and outreach, in addition to ease of delivering content and monitoring results.
- Recognise the value of on the job training, by making apprenticeships in actual work environments an integral part of all skill development efforts.
- Ensure that the skilling needs of the socially and geographically disadvantaged and marginalized groups (like the SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities, differently abled persons etc.) are appropriately taken care of.
- Promote increased participation of women in the workforce through appropriate skilling and gender mainstreaming of training.
- Promote commitment and ownership of all stakeholders towards skill development and create an effective coordination mechanism.
The core objective of the entrepreneurship framework is to coordinate and strengthen factors essential for growth of entrepreneurship across the country. This would include:
- Promote entrepreneurship culture and make it aspirational
- Encourage entrepreneurship as a viable career option through advocacy
- Enhance support for potential entrepreneurs through mentorship and networks
- Integrate entrepreneurship education in the formal education system
- Foster innovation driven and social entrepreneurship to address the needs of the population at the ‘bottom of the pyramid’
- Ensure ease of doing business by reducing entry and exit barriers
- Facilitate access to finance through credit and market linkages viii. Promote entrepreneurship amongst women
- Broaden the base of entrepreneurial supply by meeting specific needs of both socially and geographically disadvantaged sections of the society including SCs, STs, OBCs, minorities, differentlyabled persons
Policy framework for skill development
The policy framework has been developed to accomplish the vision of Skill India by adhering to the above objectives. The framework outlines eleven major paradigms and enablers to achieve these objectives of skilling India:
- Aspiration and Advocacy
- Mobilization and Engagement
- Global Partnerships
- ICT Enablement
- Trainers and Assessors
- Promotion of skilling among women
Policy framework for entrepreneurship
The entrepreneurship policy framework has been developed to address the objectives mentioned above. Vibrant entrepreneurship requires support from an enabling ecosystem of culture, finance, expertise, infrastructure, skills and business friendly regulation. Many government and nongovernment organizations are playing enabling roles across each of these crucial supporting elements. This policy framework, cognizant of the need for the full ecosystem to be present to unlock entrepreneurial potential, proposes a nine part entrepreneurship strategy:
- Educate and equip potential and early stage entrepreneurs across India
- Connect entrepreneurs to peers, mentors and incubators.
- Support entrepreneurs through Entrepreneurship Hubs (EHubs).
- Catalyse a culture shift to encourage entrepreneurship.
- Encourage entrepreneurship among underrepresented groups.
- Promote entrepreneurship amongst women
- Improve ease of doing business.
- Improve access to finance.
- Foster social entrepreneurship and grassroots innovations