General Studies IIIEconomy

Saa₹thi mobile app


Recently, Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) launched “Saa₹thi” (Saarthi)– a mobile app with a view to empowering investors with knowledge about the securities market.

About Saa₹thi mobile app:

  • ‘R’ represents ‘₹’.
  • It aims to create awareness among investors about the basic concepts of the securities market.
  • The app will also explain about KYC process, trading and settlement, Mutual Funds (MF), recent market developments, investor grievances redressal mechanism, etc.
  • A recent surge is seen in individual investors entering the market, and more importantly a large proportion of trading being mobile phone based.
  • According to NSE (National Stock Exchange) data, the share of Individual investors increased to 45% in 2021 from 39% in 2020.
  • The NSE is India’s largest financial market.
  • Securities are financial instruments issued to raise funds.
  • The primary function of the securities markets is to enable the flow of capital from those that have it to those that need it.
  • Securities markets provide channels for allocation of savings to investments and thereby decouple these two activities.
  • As a result, the savers and investors are not constrained by their individual abilities, but by the economy’s abilities to invest and save respectively, which inevitably enhances savings and investment in the economy.
  • Eg. Equity, Debt securities, etc.

Overview of the SEBI

The Securities and Exchange Board of India owned by the Government of India was established on 12th April 1992 under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 to protect the interests of the investors in securities along with promoting and regulating the securities market. Headquartered in Mumbai, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has four regional offices located in Ahmedabad, Chennai, Delhi and Kolkata. SEBI was initially formed in the year 1988 as a non-statutory body for the regulation of the securities market and later acquired statutory status on 30th January 1992.

Formation of SEBI

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was first established as a non-statutory body in 1988 for the regulation of the securities market. It acquired the statutory powers on 30th January 1992 in accordance with the SEBI Act 1992. SEBI became an autonomous body on 12 April 1992 and was soon constituted as the regulator of capital markets under the Government of India. The headquarters of Security and Exchange Board of India is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra and has four regional offices in New Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Ahmedabad. 

During the Financial Year 2013-2014, SEBI opened several local offices in the cities namely- Jaipur, Bangalore, Guwahati, Bhubaneshwar, Patna, Kochi and Chandigarh.

Structural Organization of SEBI

SEBI is an autonomous organization that works under the administration of the Union Finance Ministry. The Security and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is managed by the following members:

  1. The chairman was nominated by the Union Government of India.
  2. Two members, i.e., Officers from the Union Finance Ministry.
  3. One member from the Reserve Bank of India.
  4. The remaining five members are nominated by the Union Government of India. Three of the five members should be full-time members.

Ajay Tyagi is the current SEBI Chairman who was appointed to take charge of the chairman office on 10 February 2017 by replacing U K Sinha. Ajay Tyagi’s term was further extended in February 2020 for six more months.

SEBI Functions & Powers

The scope of SEBI’s activities is rather wide. It is empowered to frame rules, regulations, guidelines and direction etc. in respect of both primary and secondary securities markets. Intermediaries and certain financial institutions operating in securities markets are also subjected to SEBI’s directions and norms. SEBI has the power to regulate the following branches:

  • Depositories, participants and custodians
  • Debenture trustees and trust deeds
  • Insider trading, FII’s merchant bankers and mutual funds
  • Portfolio managers, investment advisors, registrars to capital issues and share transfer agents
  • Stockbroker, sub-brokers, underwriters, bankers to the issues and venture capital funds and
  • Substantial acquisition of shares and takeovers.

It also issues guidelines for disclosure of information and operational transparency for investor protection, pricing of issues, bonus and preferential issues and other financial instruments.

According to the Preamble of SEBI, one of the major functions of Security and Exchange Board of India is to protect the interests of investors in securities along with promoting the development and regulation of the securities market.

SEBI is also responsible for the needs of the following three groups which constitute the securities market:

  • Issuers of securities
  • Investors
  • Market intermediaries

Source: Indian Express

You can find many articles on ECONOMY (part of GS III) in our website. Go through these articles share with your friends and post your views in comment section.


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