Environment and EcologyGeneral Studies III

International Day of Forests


The United Nations celebrates March 21 as the International Day of Forests by memorializing the green cover around the world and reiterating its importance.


“Forest restoration: a path to recovery and well-being” is the theme of the International Day of Forests for 2021.


  • The United Nations General Assembly declared March 21 as the International Day of Forests (IDF) for the first time in 2012.

  • The day creates awareness on the importance of all types of forests. Countries are encouraged to take local, national and international efforts to celebrate activities such as tree-planting campaigns.

  • The Day is also celebrated by the United Nations Forum on Forests and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

  • This year’s idea is to focus on how restoration and sustainable management of forests can tackle climate change and biodiversity crisis. 

  • Forest can also generate goods and services for sustainable development that can create jobs and improve lives.

India’s forest cover

  • One fifth of the country’s area is under forest cover. This trend has been observed continuously since independence despite the population increasing more than three times.

  • According to State of Forest Report, 2019, India’s forest cover has grown by about 0.56% since 2017. 

  • The report observed gain in very dense forest with a canopy density of over 70%, and moderately dense forest with a canopy density of 40-70%.


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