Environment

The importance of the Environment subject in the UPSC exam cannot be overstated. In recent years, the significance of environmental issues has grown exponentially, with global concerns such as climate change, deforestation, pollution, and resource depletion becoming increasingly prominent. The UPSC recognizes the gravity of these challenges and has accordingly given considerable weightage to the Environment subject in its examination.

Here are some key topic you must study from Environment subject which holds immense importance in the UPSC exam:

PROTECTED AREA NETWORK

  • National Initiative
  • Wildlife Sanctuary and National Parks
  • Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves
  • Coastal Protected Area
  • Sacred Groves of India
  • Export Prohibited Items
  • Global Initiative
  • Man And Biosphere
  • Biosphere Reserves
  • National Biosphere Reserve Programme
  • World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Biodiversity Hotspots
  • World Heritage Sites

CONSERVATION EFFORTS

  • Project Tiger
  • Project Elephant
  • Vulture
  • One Horned Rhinoceros
  • Project Snow Leopard
  • Secure Himalaya
  • Sea Turtle Project
  • Crocodile Conservation Project
  • Project Hangul
  • Captive Breeding
  • Dolphin
  • Government Measures
  • India Adopt SAWEN

MITIGATION STRATEGIES

CLIMATE CHANGE ORGANISATIONS

  • UNFCCC
  • KYOTO Protocol
  • Conference of Parties
  • Other Mechanism of UNFCCC
  • REDD and REDD+
  • Global Environment Facilities
  • Climate Smart Agriculture
  • Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change
  • National Green House Gas Inventories Programme
  • Green Economy
  • Climate Finance Architecture

ACTS AND POLICIES

  • Wild Life Protection Act 1972
  • Environmental Protection Act 1986
  • National Forest Policy 1988
  • Biological Diversity Act 2002
  • Schedule Tribes and Other Forest Dwellers Act 2006
  • Coastal Regulation Zone
  • Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • E-Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, 2016
  • Wetland Rules 2010
  • Nation Green Tribunal
  • The Ozone Depleting Substances Rules

INSTITUTION AND MEASURES

  • National Wide Life Action Plan
  • National Afforestation And Eco-Development Board
  • CAMPA
  • Joint Forest Management
  • Social Forestry
  • National Bamboo Mission
  • CEPI
  • Lighting a Billion Lives
  • Eco-Mark
  • USERS
  • BCRLIP
  • National Clean Energy Fund
  • National Mission for Electric Mobility
  • Science Express – Bio Diversity Special
  • Mangrove for Future

ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANISATIONS

  • Animal Welfare Board
  • Central Zoo Authority
  • National Bio Diversity Authority
  • Wildlife Crime Control Bureau
  • National Lake Conservation Plan
  • National Ganga River Basin Authority

INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONVENTIONS

  • United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • Ramsar Convention On Wetlands
  • CITES
  • The Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network (TRAFFIC)
  • Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS)
  • Coalition Against Wildlife Trafficking (CAWT)
  • International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)
  • United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF)
  • IUCN
  • Global Tiger Forum (GTF)
  • Stockholm Convention
  • Basel Convention
  • Rotterdam Convention
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  • International Whaling Commission (IWC)
  • Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol
  • Kigali Agreement
  • Globally Important Agriculture Heritage Systems
  • Minamata Convention
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