Polity and Constitution

CTA
The Criminal Tribes Act, also known as the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871 or the Act XXVII of 1871, was ...
Criticism of the Constituent Assembly of India: An Analysis
Introduction The Constituent Assembly of India holds a prominent place in the country's history as the body responsible for drafting ...
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The creation of a constitution is a pivotal moment in the history of a nation. In the case of India, ...
1947 1
Towards Independence Act 1947 The legislature representatives of the Indian National Congress, the Muslim League, and the Sikh community came to an agreement with Lord ...
1935
Historical Background of Government of India Act of 1935: Demand for constitutional reforms in India by Indian leaders. Simon Commission ...
1919
Government of India Act of 1919 also known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms/Montford Historical Background: Aggressive policy of Indian Leaders like Lokamanya Tilak's ...
1892
The Indian Councils Act 1892 was an Act of British Parliament that introduced various amendments to the composition and function of legislative councils in British India. Most notably, the ...
1861
Historical Background- After the War of Independence, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan advised the British Government to take Indian nationals into the administration of ...
1858
The revolt of 1857 which was eventually suppressed gave a death blow to East India  company’s rule in India and ...
1853
Charter Act of 1853 extended the Company’s rule and allowed it to retain the possession of Indian territories on trust ...
1833
Historical Background Introduction of liberalization and laissez faire The Reform Act of 1832 was the result of the liberal movement ...
Pitts act
The Amending Act of 1781: also known as the Act of Settlement or  Declaratory Act, 1781 • Supreme Court vs. Governor General ...
Regulating Act of 1773
Regulating Act of 1773 is of great constitutional importance as (a) it was the first step taken by the British ...
Historical Background
Historical Background Beginning of Rule: British came to India in 1600 as traders, in the form of East India Company, ...
372px Jawaharal Nehru and other members taking pledge
On December 13, 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru moved the historic ‘Objectives Resolution’ in the Assembly. It laid down the fundamentals and ...
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THE COMPANY RULE (1773–1858) THE CROWN RULE (1858–1947) 1. Regulating Act of 1773 1. Government of India Act of 1858 ...
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
Context: Recently, Chief Justice of India (CJI) N.V. Ramana said that the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has come under deep public scrutiny. Its ...
Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill, 2022
Context: Recently, the Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill, 2022 was introduced in Lok Sabha. About Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill: The Bill replaces the Identification ...
Easing Voting Rights for Overseas Voters
Context: Recently, the Union Minister for Law and Justice in response to a question in the Lok Sabha stated that the government ...
the muncipalties
Context: The Municipal Corporation Amendment Bill 2022 is likely to be tabled in the Parliament. Key Highlights of Municipal Corporation Amendment Bill: ...
chief minister
  Context: Pushkar Singh Dhami recently took took oath as the 12th chief minister of Uttarakhand. Since, according to the ...
Article 355
Context: Congress party in West Bengal has demanded that the law and order situation in West Bengal is completely broken ...
National-Commission-for-Scheduled-Tribes
Context: According to a parliamentary committee's recent report, the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes has been dysfunctional for the last four years ...
Competition Commission of India CCI
Context: The Competition (Amendment) Bill, 2022 has been introduced that aims to improve regulatory set-up by increasing the Competition Commission of India (CCI) ...
Fundamental Rights of Foreigners
Context: The Union government has urged the Supreme Court to help lay down a law with a “long–lasting” implication for the country on the ...
One Nation One Election
Context: Chief Election Commissioner Sushil Chandra has said that the Election Commission is ready to hold simultaneous elections or ‘One Nation, ...
Article 80 (Rajya Sabha)
Context: Recently, the Chandigarh Municipal Corporation has approved a proposal to amend Article 80 of the Constitution so that its ...
Eighth schedule
Context: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has said his government would revive its long-pending demand for inclusion of Bhojpuri in the Eighth Schedule ...
Indus river system
Context: Recently, the Central government has decided to adopt a new criterion for selecting members of the Bhakra Beas Management Board ...
Tribunal Reforms Act of 2021
Context: The Supreme Court has observed that the government’s move to introduce a statute last year on key tribunals, that too, merely ...
Immigration-Visa-Foreigners-Registration-Tracking-IVFRT-Scheme
Context: Recently, the Government has approved the continuation of the Immigration Visa Foreigners Registration Tracking (IVFRT) Scheme for a period till 31st March 2026 with ...
Fundamental-Duties-Article-51A
Context: Recently, the Supreme Court issued a notice to the Centre and states to respond to a petition to enforce the Fundamental Duties of citizens, ...
Article-23
Context: Details of the conviction of cases involving human trafficking were recently shared in Parliament. About Article 23 Prohibition of ...
First-Information-Report-FIR
Context: An First Information Report (FIR) is a very important document as it sets the process of criminal justice in motion. It is ...
Mob Lynching
Context: Bills passed against mob lynching in the past four years by at least four States have not been implemented ...
Indian Citizenship
Nationality and citizenship may sound like synonyms to each other, but actually, these words are quite different. For ordinary folk, ...
Collegium System
Context: Recently, the Supreme Court Collegium has recommended appointing Justice Munishwar Nath Bhandari as Chief Justice of Madras High Court. What is the Collegium ...
Pressure Groups
PRESSURE GROUPS Pressure groups are forms of organisations, which exert pressure on the political or administrative system of a country ...
SHE Box
Context: The Supreme Court in a recent judgement highlighted the growing misuse of Section 498A IPC, with friction rising in marriages. What ...
Republic Day
Context: Republic Day (73rd) is celebrated every year on 26th January to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution, which came into effect ...
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Context: Experts have expressed “serious concerns over the slow pace of reforms in the criminal justice system to ensure speedy ...
EWS Quota
Context: Recently, the Supreme Court (SC) while hearing a plea by the Maharashtra government decided to recall its December 2021 order, which stayed ...
Hindu Succession Act 1956
Context: Recently, the Supreme Court ruled that the daughters of a male Hindu, dying intestate, would be entitled to inherit the ...
Conjugal rights
Context: A petition challenging the provision allowing restitution (recovery) of conjugal rights under Hindu personal laws (Hindu Marriage act 1955).has ...
RADPFI: Rural Area Development Plan Formulation and Implementation
Context: Recently, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj has revised Rural Area Development Plan Formulation and Implementation (RADPFI) guidelines, 2017 in a view ...
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Context: Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the extension of the tenure of the National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) ...
article 15
Introduction: Article 15 of the Constitution of India forbids discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of ...
Criminalization Marital Rape
Context: Recently, a batch of petitions seeking Criminalization Marital Rape, has been filled in the Delhi High Court. In response to ...
Lok adalat
Context: A total number of 1,27,87,329 cases were disposed of in 2021. Due to technological advancement like E-Lok Adalats, Lok Adalats ...
Krishna Water Dispute
Context: Recently, two judges of the Supreme Court have recused themselves from hearing a matter related to the distribution of Krishna water dispute between Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, ...
Right to Equality
  Article-14 Summary Article 14 of the Constitution of India, 1950 was not a standalone provision in the Draft Constitution, ...
Uniform civil code
Click here to Read Article in Detail About Uniform civil code: UCC is one that would provide for one law ...
National Water Awards
Context Recently, Uttar Pradesh bagged the first prize for efforts towards water conservation in the National Water Awards (NWA) 2020 organised by the Ministry of Jal ...
Uniform Civil Code
Click here to read article in Simplified gist form Context: Recently, the Ministry of Law and Justice said in response ...
Language of Court in India
Context: Recently, the Gujarat High Court has asked a journalist facing contempt of court proceedings to speak only in English as that was ...
EWS Quota
Context: Recently, a government committee report told the Supreme Court (SC) that “income” is a “feasible criterion” for defining the “Economical Weaker Sections” ...
Right to privacy
Context: Recently, a Judge of the Madras High Court has said that a recent order passed by another judge of the same ...
National Air Sports Policy
Context: The Ministry of Civil Aviation has released a draft National Air Sports Policy (NASP) that will require entities providing these services and their ...
Shakti Act: Maharashtra
Context: The Maharashtra Assembly  passed the Shakti Act (Shakti Criminal Laws Maharashtra Amendment Act) unanimously, with which it became the ...
ST UT
Context: Recently, the Chief Minister of Puducherry has demanded Statehood for the Union Territory (UT) of Puducherry. Statehood Demand By Puducherry ...
Consumer Protection Direct Selling Rules 2021
Context: Recently, the Centre has notified Consumer Protection Direct Selling Rules, 2021 for the direct selling industry. What is direct selling? Direct ...
ELAB
Context: Recently, the Election Laws Amendment Bill, 2021 was passed in the Lok Sabha. The bill seeks to link electoral roll data and ...
Land Acquisition Act 2013
Context: Rehabilitation of the displaced families as a result of Jewar airport project has been carried out in accordance with ...
Biological Diversity Amendment Bill 2021
Context: Recently, the Biological Diversity Amendment Bill 2021 was tabled in the Parliament. Key Highlights of Biological Diversity Amendment Bill: The Bill, ...
Dam Safety Bill 2019
Context: Rajya Sabha Passes The Landmark Dam Safety Bill (2019) Highlights of the Dam Safety Bill The Bill provides for ...
preamble
Context: The Ministry of Law & Justice has launched ‘Online Course on Indian Constitution’ on the eve of ‘Constitution Day’ as a part of celebrations of ...
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Context: The number of countries moving towards authoritarianism in 2020 was higher than that of countries going in the other ...
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Context: Recently, a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) has finalised and adopted the draft report on The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 by a majority ...
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Context: One Day National Conference was organized on the Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 (PESA) ...
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Context: Recently, The Supreme Court had suggested some changes in the Real Estate Regulatory Authority Act (RERA) to protect the interests of ...
Special courts
Context: Recently, the Supreme Court of India has decided to examine questions regarding the legal jurisdiction of Special Courts set up ...
National Register of Citizens
Context: Denial of benefits emanating from Aadhar to people who were eventually included in the draft NRC list after being initially excluded ...
Appointment of Supreme Court Judges
Context: Appointment of Supreme Court Judges: Swearing-in of the nine new judges of Supreme Court Key Highlights: Nine new Supreme ...
ECI
Context: The Election Commission’s two-day Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP) consultation workshop concluded recently. Key Highlights: The agenda ...
Tribunals
Context: The Parliament has passed the Tribunals Reforms Bill 2021, Which has provisions relating to the tenure, age criteria, and ...
NCPCR recommended Minority schools be brought under RTE
Context: The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) has released a report assessing minority schools in the country. The report ...
Whip
Context: Congress has appointed MPs Syed Naseer Hussain and Chhaya Verma as Rajya Sabha whips. The party now has the ...
102 CAA
Context: The Government is planning to bring a Bill to Parliament to clarify “some provisions in the 102nd Constitutional amendment Bill” to restore the power of ...
WC
Context:  Ms.Rekha Sharma has been nominated as Chairperson of the National Commission for Women (NCW) for another term of three ...
Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill
Ministry: Law and Justice Context: Recently, the Juvenile Justice Amendment Bill (Care and Protection of Children), 2021, was passed in the Rajya ...
MPLADS
Context: The Union government has said that it is not considering any proposal to restore Members of Parliament Local Area Development ...
Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs)
Context: The Cabinet has approved the continuation of 1,023 Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) for another two years, at an outlay of ...
The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO Act)
Ministry of Women and Child Development  About POSCO Act: The POCSO act was enacted in 2012 (Click here for pdf ...
Forest Rights Act 2006
Context: Tribal Affairs Minister Shri Arjun Munda inaugurates ‘Virtual Training of Trainers Programme on Forest Rights Act, 2006 About Forest ...
The General Insurance Business (Nationalisation) Amendment Bill 2021
Context: The Bill which was introduced in Lok Sabha recently would pave the way for the government to divest its stake ...
Space Activities Bill
Department of Space Context: Space Activities Bill is under active consideration of the Government-Dr Jitendra Singh Key Highlights Space Activities ...
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Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment Context: The Ministry, vide Gazette Notification dated 12.02.2014 had constituted National Commission for De-Notified ...
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Context: The Andhra Pradesh Disha  Bill, 2020 has been received for assent of the President of India. As per practice, ...
The Essential Defence Services Bill
Ministry of Defence Context: The Bill was recently introduced by the Parliament. It is aimed at preventing the staff of ...
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
Context: The restructured Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan is being implemented with all States/UTs with the primary ...
Personal Data Protection Bill 2019
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology About Personal Data Protection Bill: The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 was introduced in ...
Women Reservation Bill
Context: Recently, a political party has raised the demand of bringing the long-pending Women’s Reservation Bill to Parliament, ahead of the monsoon session. Timeline ...
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Context: The Leader of Opposition in the Goa Legislative Assembly is set to move a private member’s resolution to recommend to the Central government to ...
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Context: Maharashtra has been without a Speaker since February. The sessions are now presided by Deputy Speaker. Even Lok Sabha ...
Lushai Hill Assam Mizoram Border Dispute
Context: The recent clash on the Assam-Mizoram border dispute underlines the differences the two States have had since 1972. Background The boundary ...
Central Information Commission
Context: The Supreme Court has directed the Central government to place on record the latest information on the appointment of Information ...
Ministry of Co-operation
Context: A new ‘Ministry of Cooperation’ has been created for strengthening the cooperative movement in the country. About Ministry of Co-operation: The Ministry ...
SOI
Context: A delegation of Trinamool Congress (TMC) MPs recently met President Ram Nath Kovind and sought the removal of Tushar ...
Prez rule
Context:  The Supreme Court has agreed to hear a plea seeking directions to the Centre to impose President’s Rule in West Bengal over ...
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Context: Ministry of Women and Child Development has invited comments/suggestions from all the stakeholders on the draft of Anti Trafficking ...
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Context:  Congress leader Jairam Ramesh, who chairs the Parliamentary Standing Committee on science and technology, has moved a privilege motion against news channel ...
electoral bond
Context: The Government of India has notified the Electoral Bond Scheme 2018 Sale by Authorised Branches of State Bank of India ...
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Context:  A petition has been filed in the Gujarat High Court challenging the Gujarat Prohibition Act, 1949. This law had ...
Ranked choice voting
Context: Ranked choice voting made its debut in New York City’s mayoral primary in one of the most high-profile tests ...
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Context: The draft was recently released by the Centre. It seeks to amend the Cinematograph Act of 1952. Key Provision: Revision ...
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Context: For the purposes of preventing unfair trade practices in e-commerce, the Central Government proposed Amendments to the Consumer Protection ...
Mines and Minerals Development and Regulation Act
Context: Successful Auction of Kuraloi (A) North Coal Odisha Mine in Second Attempt of 1st Tranche of Auction under Mines ...
New IT Rules 2021
Context: Permanent Mission of India responds to the concerns raised by Special Special Branch of Human Rights Council about India's ...
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Context: According to some media reports, Twitter has lost its intermediary status in India over non-compliance of the new IT rules that came into ...
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About National Green Tribunal: The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010 It established under the National Green Tribunal ...
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Context: The Information and Broadcasting Ministry has amended the Cable Television Network Rules,1994 Key Highlights: The cable television network rule 1994 ...
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Context: Ministry of Road Transport & Highways Extends Validity of Documents Related to Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and Central Motor ...
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Context: The High Court of Karnataka has said that there is a complete failure on the part of the State government ...
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The Ministry of Home Affairs established the National Minorities Commission of India in a resolution on January 12, 1978. It ...
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Context: A petition was filed in the Supreme Court to invoke the National Security Act (NSA) against hoarding, profiteering, adulteration and black-marketing ...
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Context: Supreme Court is suo motu examining ways to protect children who have suffered personal loss and trauma due to the pandemic ...
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Context: The Prime Minister has extended best wishes to the people of Telangana on the occasion of state’s Formation Day ...
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Context: The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the Model Tenancy Act for circulation ...
Maratha-reservation
Context: The Supreme Court has stuck down the Maratha reservation given to the Maratha community in education and employment sector ...
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Context: The bench comprising Justices L. Nageswara Rao and Ravindra Bhat, was hearing SG Tushar Mehta on the issue of ...
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Context: AAP MLA Shoaib Iqbal has demanded imposition of President’s Rule in Delhi in view of the massive surge in COVID-19 cases ...
panchayati raj
Ministry of Panchayati Raj Context: Owing to unprecedented situation that emerged due to second wave of COVID-19 pandemic in the ...
article 142
Context Former law minister Ashwani Kumar has written to the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and other judges of the ...
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Context The government has abolished the Film Certificate Appellate Tribunal (FCAT) through an ordinance. Background The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and ...
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Context Recently, the Chief Justice of India (CJI) launched an Artificial Intelligence (AI) based portal ‘SUPACE’ in the judicial system aimed at assisting judges with ...
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Context: The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has proposed several amendments to the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 (FCA) ...
Office Oaths and Resignations The President Oath - Chief Justice of India or in his absence the seniormost Judge of Supreme ...
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Post Appointed by Resignation Tenure Article Note President of India  proportional representation  To Vice president 5 years 52-62  The charges ...
CAG
The fundamental basis of the parliamentary system of the Government is the responsibility of the executive to the legislature for ...
Parliamentry com
Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is one of the standing parliamentary committees, which was first established in 1921 under the Government ...
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Ministry: Health and Family Welfare Context: National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill passed by Parliament to regulate practice of ...
CAA
Context: The government has been granted time till April 9 by Lok Sabha and July 9 by Rajya Sabha to ...
atrocity act
Context: The Gujarat government has asked the opinion of Union government regarding recovery of compensation from Dalit complainants under The ...
sixth schedule
Context: The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has informed the Lok Sabha that “presently, there is no proposal to implement ...
electoral bond
Context: The Supreme Court has reserved its order on putting stay on electoral bonds scheme before assembly elections in Assam, ...
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Context: The Election Commission has decided to use Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) along with Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) at all ...
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Context:The government has introduced the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2021 in Lok Sabha in order to ...
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Context: The Lok Sabha has passed the supplementary demand for grants (second batch for 2020-21). Supplementary Grants Supplementary Grant: It is ...
Reservation
Context:  Supreme Court asked states whether they were in favour of extending caste-based reservation beyond the 50 per cent ceiling ...
state ec
Context: The Supreme Court on Friday held that independent persons and not bureaucrats should be appointed State Election Commissioners. A ...
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Context: The Supreme Court on Friday asked the government to respond to a plea challenging a special law enacted in ...
chief minister
About: The governor is the nominal executive authority and the Chief Minister is the real executive authority. In other words, ...
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What are the landmark Judgements? Landmark judgements are those that set a precedent in law, or determine a major new ...
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The basic concept of food security globally is to ensure that all people, at all times, should get access to ...
electios e1620715256802
Context: The Election Commission has said that postal ballots facility would not be extended to NRIs for the upcoming elections to the ...
FEO
Context: The Westminster Magistrates Court in London has allowed India’s extradition request against businessman Nirav Modi, who is wanted in ...
RTI
Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions  Context: The Supreme Court has criticised the Union government ...
High Court
Context: The President of India, in exercise of the power conferred by clause (l) of Article 224 of the Constitution of ...
Pardoning power Prez
Context: The 12-year-old son of Shabnam, a death row convict from Uttar Pradesh’s Amroha, appealed to President Ram Nath Kovind ...
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Context: In a pre-emptive move, the Congress has written to Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla, urging him not to bypass ...
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Context: Delimitation Commission comprising of Chairperson Retd. Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai, Ex-Officio Member Shri Sushil Chandra (Election Commissioner) and Ex-Officio ...
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Context: As per the 2019 Crime in India Report compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau: Only 2.2 % of ...
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Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution About: National Food Security Mission (NFSM) was launched in 2007-08 to increase ...
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Ministry of Earth Science Context: Under the Monsoon Mission, Ministry has developed the state-of-the-art weather and climate prediction models, which ...
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The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, ...
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About: Ministry of Jal Shakti is a ministry under Government of India which was formed in May 2019. This was ...
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Ministry of Personnel, Grievances and Pensions Context: The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu today suggested all corporates ...
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Context: The U.P. religious conversion ordinance   Justice (retd.) Madan B. Lokur says.... Article 213 (1) of the Constitution of ...
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