General Studies IIConstitutionHistorical Background

Historical Background

Historical Background

Beginning of Rule: British came to India in 1600 as traders, in the form of East India Company, which had the exclusive right of trading in India under a charter granted by Queen Elizabeth I.

Interference in Internal Affairs: In 1765, the Company, which till now had purely trading functions obtained the ‘diwani’ (i.e., rights over revenue and civil justice) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. This started its career as a territorial power.

Diwani Rights

Influence of British Political system on Indian Constitution:

During British rule we saw many changes in polity and administration. In Company rule basic features were added by british such as introduction of executive, legislative, supreme court etc. These western feature formed base for new political system in India. After 1858, the British Crown assumed direct responsibility for the governance of India. During the crown rule, various acts leads to form new polity and administration according to demand of Indian people. These acts and laws were triggering point for freedom fighters, here we can see new act try to change according to demand of people at same time authority of British became compromise. During crown rule political scenario changed dramatically. People of India adapted new political dimension but many times opposed aggressively through dialogue and various movements. These events gave shape to western political system in Indian form. Various features of the Indian Constitution and polity have their roots in the British rule. There are certain events in the British rule that laid down the legal framework for the organisation and functioning of government and administration in British India. These events have greatly influenced our constitution and polity. They are explained here in a chronological order:



THE COMPANY RULE (1773–1858)THE CROWN RULE (1858–1947)
1. Regulating Act of 17731. Government of India Act of 1858
2. Pitt’s India Act of 17842. Indian Councils Act of 1861
3. Charter Act of 18333. Indian Councils Act of 1892
4. Charter Act of 18534. Indian Councils Act of 1909
 5. Government of India Act of 1919
 6. Government of India Act of 1935
 7. Indian Independence Act of 1947

Recall from world history:

Why British want to control East India Company? 

Because Britisher were loosing America during that period. Hence, British lost revenue heavily and want to control East India Company so can earn more profit. 

Events that lead to American Revolution: 

  1. Passage of the Stamp Act, 1765
  2. British Troops Occupy Boston, 1768

  3. Britain Tries to Intimidate Massachusetts, 1774

  4. War Breaks Out, 1775

Hence, British lost revenue heavily and want to control East India Company so can earn more profit. 

Source: M. Laxmikant

Leave a Reply

Open chat
Hello Dear Aspirant,
Join our whatsapp group here to get Daily Newspapers, Magazines, Monthly, Question Banks and much more..
Just ping us your Name..
See you then..!!!